For purposes of our various regulatory frameworks, these terminologies shall have the following meaning:

Academic quality is a way of describing how well the learning opportunities available to students help them to achieve their award. It is making sure that appropriate and effective teaching, support, assessment and learning opportunities are provided for all students.

Accreditation is a type of quality assurance process which utilises all aspects of review and assessment according to pre-defined standards. Accreditation may be applied to education programmes or a programme of health related delivery.

Accountability Refers to the readiness or preparedness to give an explanation or justification to relevant others, for one’s judgments, intentions, acts and omissions, when appropriately called upon to do so.

Academic faculty members of staff involved in the delivery of the entry level programme. The term “Teaching Faculty” is also used.

Approval refers to the formal processes by which a diploma or degree-awarding body agrees that a programme may be offered for study by students.

Autonomy Refers to a moral authority and attributes that enable a practitioner to practice independently using his or her specialized knowledge, skills and ability to analyze healthcare situation, take appropriate action while remaining accountable for that action.

Clinical education is the delivery, monitoring and evaluation of learning experiences in clinical settings. Clinical education sites may include institutional, industrial, occupational, primary health care, and community settings providing all aspects of the patient/client management model (examination, evaluation, intervention, diagnosis, prognosis/plan of care, and interventions including prevention, health promotion, and wellness programmes).

Clinical education director/coordinator is a professional and an academic faculty member, who is responsible for the clinical education component of the professional entry level programme that is normally delivered by dully qualified professionals in the clinical environment.

Clinical education site instructors Health Professionals practising in clinical placement sites who supervise and evaluate the clinical skills of the student while on placement and report to the higher education institution. (May also be known as clinical supervisor/clinical educator).

Continuing professional development (CPD) is the process through which individuals undertake learning, through a broad range of activities that maintains, develops, and enhances skills and knowledge in order to improve performance in practice

Clinical judgment Refers to the process of arriving at a clinical decision after assessment of alternatives.

Competence Refers to the ability of the health professional to practice safely and effectively to fulfill her/his professional responsibility within one’s scope of practice. It also refers to “the ability to perform the activities within an occupation or function to the standard expected in employment.

Delegation Refers to the transfer of responsibility for the performance of a task from one individual to another while the person whose task is being delegated retains accountability for the outcome.

Degree an academic rank conferred by a university after examination or completion of a course Emergency- Refers to the situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, and property or environment requiring urgent intervention to save life or prevent worsening of the situation.

Faculty a department or group of related departments in a college or university’ and ‘all the teachers in a faculty of a college or university.

Programme design is a creative activity, which may result in innovative ideas for higher education provision. It is followed by a process of “development” which leads to the creation of a programme. Through this process, the content, modes of delivery, structure and components of the programme, including assessment methods and the means by which students will be engaged with the curriculum are considered. The development process may also be used to enhance an existing programme, for example in response to the outcomes of programme monitoring and review.

Programme monitoring refers to a regular, systematic process. It may take place annually or at shorter or longer intervals and provides a check on ongoing learning and teaching provision at an operational level.

Programme review refers to a less frequently, but periodically and to an agreed cycle. It has a broader remit and is informed by a view of trends over time. The review of a programme may be related to its re-approval, if the original approval was time limited; if the approval was open ended, review is designed in a way that fulfills the function of re-approval.

Professional entry level education programmes are those that equip professionals to practise as independent professionals. RAHPC recommends that education for entry level professionals should be based on university or university-level studies of a minimum of three for advanced diploma and four years for Bachelor’s degree, independently validated and accredited as being at a standard that affords graduates full statutory and professional recognition.

Qualification formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. The term credential is also used.

Recognition is formal acceptance of a learner’s knowledge, skills, or former academic studies and the granting of advanced standing or credit. The term may also apply to formal acceptance of an educational institution by another institution or public authority. Recognition relates more to acceptance and equivalency, i.e. determining a relationship of parity between one system, jurisdiction, or institution and another with respect to the value and significance of courses, diplomas, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees.

Regulation of the profession cluster of laws, regulations, directives or rules set by the RAHPC to Allied Health profession. The regulation can also be in form of self-regulation set by the health profession.

Profession Refers to a range of roles, functions, responsibilities, activities and professional accountability for which a practitioner is educated, competent, and has the authority to perform within limits of a particular sphere of practice.

Supervision Refers to the active process of directing, guiding and influencing the outcome of an individual’s performance of a task.

Direct supervision Refers to the situation where the supervisor is physically present when the task is being performed/done

Indirect supervision Refers to the situation in which the supervisor is not physically present but communicates instructions, directives and guidelines through various forms of communication either written, verbal or electronic;

Standards of practice are a collection of documents describing the professional consensus on the practice of health science for health professionals working in any occupational setting. Standards reflect the collective judgement of the profession at a given point in time.

Task Refers to the activities aimed at reaching a specific goal or objective involving a number of skills.

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